Periodontal (Gum) Disease


Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a serious issue which always needs addressing. Wickham Dental Practice is experienced in helping people suffering from the disease to improve their health and most importantly work towards prevention in all our patients.

Peridodontal (Gum) Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a serious issue which always needs addressing. Wickham Dental Practice is experienced in helping people suffering from the disease to improve their health and most importantly work towards prevention in all our patients.

What is it?

Usually progressing painlessly, it is often hard to pinpoint gum disease, as it is usually symptomless in its early stages. It is caused by the plaque in our mouths and starts with inflammation, redness and swelling. This is called Gingivitis. After this, it progresses to Periodontal Disease, where gum abscesses can occur, and pus may ooze around your teeth. Left untreated, this can cause break down of the bone which supports the tooth. Mobility within your teeth is the result of this and is irreversible, often leading to the loss of teeth. However, it can be kept under control – and in most cases, teeth do not have to be lost from the disease.

Everybody has a part to play, including you, your dentist and your hygienist. They will identify if you are at risk from the disease and monitor any progression at your regular check-ups. The spaces between your teeth, known as pockets, are measured and tracked for increase in size, which may indicate a higher risk for gum disease.

Reduce the risk

  • Scientists have found an association with heart disease and periodontal disease, potentially leading to cardiovascular disease and even strokes. Your gum health is therefore an important factor towards your general health and should be taken seriously.
  • Smoking is the most significant risk. The heat from cigarettes increases the rate at which you lose attachment, and nicotine can reduce the healing capacity. This impairs new bone forming and gravely increases the risk of periodontal disease.
  • Diabetes is another factor. Greater levels of care need to be taken if you are a sufferer, but evidence shows that control of periodontal disease can also help patients with their metabolic control.
  • Pregnancy and stress are two major causes of gum disease too. Both can best be avoided with a preventative course of oral hygiene which we can help walk you through.
  • Ageing fillings, crowns and bridges can collect plaque and cause difficulty in maintaining good oral hygiene. Implants, as opposed to bridges or dentures, can help avoid this issue.
  • Family history can also indicate a higher risk of gum disease. If your parents had gum disease you will need to seek treatment early on in life.
  • Good diet and nutrition should be key in your efforts to avoid periodontal disease. Plenty of fruit and veg and a multi-vitamin can do wonders!

If you are concerned you may have some of the symptoms of gum disease, contact us today for more information.